The Lenape / English Dictionary - A

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A, indeed, well.
Aan, to go: (aal, in Minsi, A.)
Abtschi, Always: -likhqui, at all times.
Abtschiechgochgihillen, to bleed to death.
Abtschihillak, the whooping cough; (abtschihillank. A.)
Abtschinalittin, Z., to die in battle; (they kill each other. A.)
Abtschinaluxin, to be afflicted, to be tormented to death.
Acheweli, Z., necessary (dub., A.).
Achewen, bushy; a bush, thicket (dub., A.).
Achewiecheu, strong, spirituous.
Achewon, strong, spirituous; (archaic, A.)
Achgachemawachtin, to share with each other.
Achgahamauwan, to distribute to somebody.
Achgahikewagan, distribution, division.
Achgameu, broad, wide.
Achgegenummen, to choose.
Achge'gim, to teach, to instruct.
Achgegingen, to teach.
Achgegingewagan, teaching, information.
Achgeketum, E., a teacher; (A'achgekinket, A.)
Achgelinquoam, to behold, to look; (arch., A.)
Achgelunen, to lie.
Achgeluneuch, E., a liar.
Achgenindewagan, accusation, bad report.
Achgenindin, to blame one another.
Achgepchoau, to be deaf.
Achgepinqueu, to be blind; (to be blindfolded, A.)
Achgepinquot, blind.
Achgetaktschehellau, to jump over the fence; (lit.,to brace one's self for a jump, A.)
Achgettemagelo, merciful.
Achgettemakinaquot, poorly looking.
Achgigihawan, to mock or laugh at somebody;(arch., A.)
Achgigulan, to sleet.
Achigiguwen, to play, to be noisy, to be lively,to be jocular.
Achgiguwewagan, sport, pastime.
Achgiiki, mocking, jesting.
Achgikbi, elm, the elm tree.
Achginchen, to be quick of hearing.
Achgindamen, Z., to count (also, to read, A.).
Achgiuchsowagan, drunkenness.
Achgiwalan, to deceive somebody; (arch., A.)
Achgiwalittewagan, deceit, fraud.
Achgiwalittin, to deceive, to cheat.
Achgonican, or Achquanican, Z., a fish dam.
Achgook, snake.
Achgukbi, Z., an elm tree.
Achgumen, dull, cloudy.
Achgumhok, cloud.
Achgumhokquot, cloudy; (fig., to be still, E.)
Achgunnan, to clothe somebody; (achgunha, A.)
Achgussin, to burn the kettle; (dub., A.)
Achibis, to bind up or dress a wound; (dub.,perhaps from gachtun, to bind, A.)
Achkindiken, to read; (achkinsink, to read, A.)
Achkiwelendam, to be disquieted, to be troubled in mind; (alludes to harsh occurrences, A.)
Achkiwitehewagan, irresolution.
Achochwen, to have bad travelling.
Achowalogen, to labor hard, to toil.
Achowat, hard, difficult, dangerous, painful, trouble-some; (achwat, A.)
Achowelendam, to think difficult.
Achpa'mi, about, thereabouts.
Achpamsin, to walk, to walk about.
Achpanschi, beam, log for a house.
Achpateuny, E., the east wind.
Achpekok, wound; (arch., A.)
Achpequot, wounded; achpequat, Z., full of holes, frompquihilleu, it has a hole.
Achpin, to be there, to be at home.
Achpineen, abode, residence; Z. epienk, where we are.
Achpiney, place to sleep on; achpinink, a bed,Z.)
Achpi'que, flea.
Achipiquon, flute, fiddle (any musical instrument, A.)
Achpitawan, to be or abide in somebody.
Achpitpannik, ancestors, Z. (lit., old residents, A.).
Achpitschiechen, to stop, to prevent.
Achpi'xu, full of fleas.
Achpoaliman, to mock somebody, to laugh at someone.
Achpoan, bread; n'dapponhe, I make bread; achpohewak, they make bread.
Achpoantit, piece of bread, small loaf.
Achpoem, roasted corn.
Achpoques, mouse; (achpiques, A.)
Achpussin, to roast, to boil.
Achquaneman, H., a bushnet for fishing.
Achquanxowagan, lasciviousness, whoredom.
Achquetahen, to shoot at a mark.
Achquetschiechgugsin, to be tempted.
Achquetschiechtowagan, temptation.
Achquidhakamike, upon earth.
Achquin, to put on clothes; (ehquink, clothing, A.)
Achquindowagan, accusation, charge.
Achquipelawon, hoe.
Achquiwanis, blanket; (black or broad cloth, A.)
Achquoaici'lennees, Z., blackberries.
Achquoanan, to catch something with a net.
Achquoanemen, to fish with a bushnet.
Achquoani'kan, bushnet.
Achquoanquigeu, long timber.
Achschiechey, Z., a nest.
Achschikiminschi, fern.
Achsehhellen, to scatter, to disperse; (seh'ellen, A.)
Achsin, stone; pl., chotachsin. Z (an archaic plural; now achsinall, A.).
Achsinemhoan, pewter spoon.
Achsinhittehikan, steel trap.
Achsinn'aminschi, sugar maple.
Achsinnigeu, stony.
Achtschingi, scarcely, hardly.
Achtschingiochwen, to venture to go.
Achtschinkhalan, to persuade somebody; to force somebody.
Achtschinkhewagan, disobedience; (achtscheyinkgeusink, A.)
Achtschipaptonen, to talk strangely, to speak roughly.
Achtschipilissin, to act strangely, to behave wonderfully.
Achtu, deer; (achto' A.)
Achtuchwiecheken, deer's hair.
Achtuchwiminschi, red root.
Achtuhhu, plenty of deer.
Achwamallsin, to feel great pain; (to suffer in sickness. A.)
Achwangundowagan, lasting peace.
Achwangundowi, very peaceable.
Achwilek, hard, troublesome time; achwileu, A, it is a troublesome time.
Achwipisgeu, pitch dark.
Achwon, strong, spirituous; (forcible, violent, A.)
Achwowangeu, steep, high bank of a river.
Ahanhokqui, descended from, sprung from.
Ahas, a crow; (ahasso. A.)
Ahhino, a rich man; (dub., A.)
Ahiktek, a strowd.
Ahoalan, to love somebody; ahoaltie'que, E., if you love.
Ahoalgussit, the beloved.
Ahoaltin, to love one another.
Ahoaltowagan, love.
Ahoaltowaganit, he that is love.
Ahoaltuwamallsin, to feel love.
Ahoaltuwi, loving.
Ahoatam, to esteem, to value.
Ahochwalquot, hard going, difficult travelling.
Ahotasu, Z, dear, beloved (ahoatasu; does not apply to persons, but to things. A.).
Ahoweli, willful.
Ahowoapewi, strong; (power of endurance. A.)
Ajandamalquot, it is to be wished; it is desirable.
Ajandamoagan, desire.
Ajandamuwi, desired, wished for.
Ajanhelendam, to be indifferent, to be unconcerned.
Ajanhelendamoagan, indifference.
Ajanhissowagan, indifference, calmness of mind.
Ajapeu, buck.
Ajappawe, early in the morning.
Ajaskemi, for good and all.
Aje'ma, if, if only, if but; be so and please.
Aji', take it.
Ajummen, to buy, to purchase.
Akquiwan, blanket; (black cloth. A. See achquiwanis.)
Alaaptonen, to break off in speaking.
Alachimoagan, rest; (the preflx alach is used to signify incapacity or inability. A.)
Alachimoatenamin, to rest happy.
Alachimuin, to rest.
Alagendowenke, after Sunday.
Alagischgu, day is spent.
Alahikan, a mark (to shoot at).
Alakqui, 'tis a pity!
Alakschachan, the wind ceases.
Alalechen, to cease breathing, to die; (dub., see equilechleje,. A.)
Alalechet, the dying.
Alamachtagen, to stop fighting.
Alamikemossen, to stop working.
Alapenauwelendam, to leave off, to quit, to give up.
Alappa. tomorrow; (ajappa. A.) Alappaje, early in the morning.
Alappiechsin, to speak fast.
Alasohen, to separate; (more exactly, to go asunder. A.)
Alawossin, to be unable to perform; to be incapable of doing.
Alemoagan, fear, apprehension; (arch., A.)
Alende, some.
Alett, rotten.
Alhakquot, stormy, rainy; land rain.
Alike, yet, still, nevertheless, however; for; already.
Allacquelendam, to be repentant.
Allamachtey, womb; (lit., and generally, the inward parts. A.)
Allamawunke, Z., under the hill.
Allamhakink, in the earth.
Allami, in there, therein, within.
Allamijey, in there, therein, within.
Allamuin, Z., the war whoop (arch. See Kowamo. A.)
Allamunk, in there, therein, within.
Allanque, star.
Allapehhellan, to rock somebody.
Allapi, E., listen! here! (dub., A.)
Allapijeyjuwagan, activity, quickness.
Allauwin, to hunt.
Allemakewunk, on the north side of a hill.
Allemewachton, to carry abroad.
Allemiapuawachto, -tangawachto, -tatchawachto, -tepawachto, falls in price; -tatchittin, to decrease.
Allemih'hillen, to pass by, to fly; (ellameh'hilan. A.)
Allemiminschik, sarsaparilla.
Allemitschellachton, to roll along.
Allewussowagan, majesty; (lit., greater power; a comparative form. A.)
Allogalan, to send somebody.
Allogalgussin, to be sent.
Allogagan, servant.
Allogaganin, to keep a servant.
Alloge'wagan, work.
Allohak, strong, powerful; more powerful; (a comparative form. A.)
Allohakasin, to teach, to instruct; (lit., to have power over another. A.)
Allohumasin, to show.
Alloku, lean; poor. (probably for alloqueu, -it is too bad, it is inferior. A.)
Allokuwagan. leanness.
Alloquepi, hat; cap.
Allouchsit, strong, mighty.
Allouchsoagan, strength.
Allowat, strong, mighty.
Allowelemuwi, valuable.
Allowelendam, to esteem highly; to prize above everything.
Allowelendamoagan, great esteem, high estimation.
Allowigamen, to overcome, to subdue.
Allowihillen, to leave over.
Allowilek, that which is above everything, most weighty.
Allowiwi, more, yet more, much more; rather; -mehek, greater.
Allum, dog; (more exactly, any domesticated animal. A.) (Compare moekaneu and linchum.)
Allumaptonen, to say on.
Allumes, little dog, pup; (young of any domestic animal. A.)
Allumhammochwen, to set off by water.
Allummahen, to throw.
Allummeuchtummen, to go away weeping.
Allummochachton, to carry away.
Allummochwalan, to bring somebody away
Allum'sin, to go away.
Allumtoonhen, to say on.
Alluns, arrow, bullet; (especially and originally, arrow. A.)
Allunshikan, bullet mold.
Allunsinutey, shot bag.
Alod, for, yet.
Am, well, indeed.
Amakquitehemen, to cut off; (amank'itshen, to knock off. A.)
Amamchachwelendamen, to suffer.
Aman, fishing line, rope; n'dapiaman, H., I come from fishing with a hook and line; (aman, properly, cord, string. A.)
Amanatak, fishing line.
Amandamen, to feel.
Amandamoagan, feeling.
Amandamuwi, sensitive.
Amangachgenimgussowagan, the being elated by praise.
Amangachpoques, rat.
Amangamek, large fish.
Amanganachquiminschi, Spanish oak.
Amanghattachcat, coarse linen.
Amangi, big, great, large.
Amangiechsin, to speak loud, to cry out.
Amatschiechsin, to speak brokenly.
Amatschipuis, turkey buzzard.
Amatschisowapasigan, the herb "colt's foot."
Ambeson, Z., an Indian cradle.
Amechachwilawechtowagan, chastisement.
A'mel, Z., a hammer.
Amemens, child.
Amemensuwi, childlike, childish.
Amementit, babe.
Amemi, pigeon; (memi. A.)
Amendchewagan, disobedience, stubbornness.
Amentschinsin, to praise, to give honor.
Ametschimi, often;-ne leep, there was more done.
Amiga, long, a long time.
Amimi, Z., a dove. See Amemi.
Amintschindewagan, praise.
Amintschiuchsin, to disobey.
Amintschiuchsowagan, disobedience.
Amochol, canoe, boat.
Amocholes, little canoe.
Amocholhe, poplar; (the buttonwood or sycamore; lit., the boat wood, as canoes were made from it. A.)
Amoe, bee; wasp; (a generic term for the kind, A.)
Amoewiwikwam, bee hive.
Amoquigachschechin, to bruise the finger nail.
Amoschimoe, spike buck; yearling.
Amueen, Z., to angle.
Amuigenan, to raise somebody up.
Amuin, to arise.
Amuiwagan, resurrection.
Anakan, pl., all, mat made of rushes.
Anatschihuwewagan, care, cautiousness.
Anatschiton, to take care.
Andhanni, bullfrog.
Anechwunaltey, bark canoe.
Anehku, bark; (anechuin. A.)
Anena, by little and little; by degrees;-ikalissi, the more, more and more.
Anenawi, by little and little, by degrees;-mcheli, the more, more and more.
Anetassoagan, Z., helplessness.
Aney, road, walking road, path.
Angellen, to die; (lit., going to decay, may be applied to animate objects during life. A.)
Angellowagan, death.
Angellowi, mortal, deadly.
Anhoktonhen, to interpret.
Anicus, Z., a mouse, a ground squirrel pl., anixak.
Aninsihhillen, the young of a bird or fowl.
Anischik, thank'e; thanks.
Anixigischuch, (the month in which the ground squirrels begin to run), January.
Ankhittasowagan, loss.
Ankhitton, to lose.
Anoschi, shoe-string.
Anschiwi, more by degrees.
Ansenummen, to take together.
Ansiptikin, to bind up into sheaves, chachsin, to warm the hands.
Apachtoquepi, crown.
Apachtschiechton, to display, to set something up, to attach one's self to, to fix upon.
Apagihen, to come from planting.
Apaligen, to tread upon; (achpaligen. A.)
Apallauwin, to come from hunting.
Apalogen, to come from work.
Apami, in vain.
Apanachen, to come from cutting wood.
Apatschin, to come back, to return.
Apel, apple.
Apemikemossin, to stop working.
Apendamen, to enjoy, to make use of.
Apendelluxin, to be made partaker.
Apendelluxowagan, the being made partaker.
Apensoagan, Z., enjoyment, fruition.
Apensuwi, useful., enjoyable.
Apipachgihhillen, to bud, to shoot forth.
Apit, by the way.
Apitchanehhellen, contrary mind.
Apitschi, after a little while, by and by.
Apittehikan, anvil; (lit., where one thing is struck upon another. A.)
Aptatschin, to freeze to death.
Aptelendam, to grieve to death.
Aptonagan, word; chapter; (strictly, a word. A.)
Aptonaltin, to speak with each other.
Aptonen, to speak.
Aptuppeu, drowned.
Apuangellen, to die easily; to die quickly.
Apuat, easy, easily.
Apuawachto, cheap.
Apuelendam, to think easy.
Apuichton, to make easy, to make light.
Aputschiechton, to turn the wrong side out.
Ascaletschi, unripe.
Aschanquussin, to be cast away; to be rejected.
Aschite, then.
Aschowin, to swim; aschowill, n'daschwul, I swim.
Aschowitchan, raft.
Aschtehhellen, to go or cross over one another.
Aschtetehasik, Z., the cross; (aschtetehican, A. the former refers to the stick, the latter to the symbol.)
Aschukiso, poor, worth nothing, beggar.
Asgask, green; askeu, Z. (this means "raw;" askasqueu, it is green, for a leaf, etc. A.)
Asgaskachgook, green snake.
Asgelendam, to wait with impatience.
Aski, must, necessitated, obliged.
Askiquall, grass, herbs.
Askiwi, raw, green.
Aspenummen, to lift up.
Aspenuxin, to be lifted up.
Aspin, to ascent; (ispin. A.)
Aspinachken, to lift up the hand.
Aspochwen, to go up, to ascend.
Aspoquen, to raise the eye.
Assisku, mud, clay.
Assiskuju, muddy, dirty, marshy.
Assisquahoos, earthen pot; assiskequahos, E.
Assisquohasu, daubed with clay.
Assisquohen, to mix clay.
Atenkpatton, to quench fire.
Atschimolehan, to relate to somebody.
Atschimolsin, to consult, to hold counsel.
Atschimolsoagan, counsel, advice.
Atta, no, not;-am, not at all;-auwen, nobody; hasch, no never; -ihaschi, never, nevermore; at no time; -ulewi, not at all true; -kocku, nothing;-tani, by no means.
Attach, moreover, beyond, above.
Attago, no, by no means.
Auchsin, to be hard to deal with.
Auchsu, (of beasts) wild, untractable; (of men)
Avaricious, difficult to deal with.
Auchsuwagan, Z,, fury, anger.
Awechemos, creature, cattle.
Awe'hellea, Z., a bird (this is the generic term now in use. It means self-suspended, referring to the flight of birds. A.)
Awehhelleu, bird, fowl; (applied to large fowls, etc. A.)
Auweken, to make use of.
Auwen, who, somebody, which; -ha? Who then? -ma? who is there?
Auweni? who is it?
Auwih! oh! (exclamation of pain.)
Auwijewi, yet, however,
Awelemukunees, young buck.
Awelendam, to be certain, to be sure.
Awendam, to suffer pain.
Awendamoagan, suffering.
Awendamowanglowagan, painful death.
Awendamuwi, painful.
Awessis, beast.
Awonn, fog, mist.
Awossachtenne, over or beyond the hill.
Awossagame, heaven; (lit., the place beyond or out of sight. A.)
Awossake, behind the house.
Awossakihakan, that side of the plantation.
Awosschakque, over the log or tree.
Awosseki, over the leaf; (dub., A.)
Awossenachk, over the fence, behind the fence.
Awossenuppeque, over the lake.
Awossi, over, over there, beyond, on the other side, behind.
Awossijey, over, over there, beyond, on the other side, behind.
Awossin, to warm one's self.
Awullakenim, to laud, to praise.
Awullakeniman, to praise somebody.
Awullakenimoagan, praise.
Awullsittamen, to obey.
Awullsittamsewagan, obedience.
Awullsittamuwi, obedient.
Awullsu, good, fine, pretty; (animate, pl. auwulsuak; inanimate, auwultu,pl.auwultol,) (from wulissu). A.

revised: 10.18.00